The 'Companions' of Jeanne d'Arc
and Others

This page contains brief bios on French individuals associated with the last phase of the Hundred Years' War. Some served in the engagements along side of Jeanne d'Arc, and went on to lead in the later camapigns of the war. Included below are also some who did not serve with the Maid, but they were major participants in the court of Charles VII.
Not included below are a few individuals who, because of their particular importance in the war, are covered in separate pages of their own. These are: Jeanne d'Arc, Yolande d'Aragón, comte de Dunois (the Bastard d'Orléans), Arthur de Richemont, Jacques Cœur, Christine de Pizan, and Charles VII.

This page is under continious development and expansion.
Initial emphasis will be on French persons.
Eventually English participants will be added.

Source material for this page is from several books on Jeanne d'Arc that are cited in the
Hundred Years' War Bibliography sponsored by the Société de l'Oriflamme.

COMPANIONS of 'the Maid'
OTHER Important Persons in the
Last Phase of the Hundred Years' War
Alençon, Jean II, duc de (1402-76).
Jean II de Alençon's father, duc Jean I d’Alençon was killed at Agincourt (1415), Henry V awarded the duchy of Alençon to his brother, duke of Bedford, and Jean II's mother fled to seek protection under the dauphin Charles [future VII of France]. In 1420, the dauphin Charles named Jean II, lieutenant general for the duchy of Alençon. Jean II's older brother, Pierre, died in 1425. Jean II was appointed to the royal council in 1423, and first saw combat in the battle of Broussinere (1424). In the same year, he was wounded and taken prisoner at the battle of Verneuil. He was not freed until February 1429 for an exorbitant ransom that forced his family to yield valuable land and enter into heavy debt. He had married Jeanne d’Orléans, who died in 1435, and then married Marie d’Armagnac.
Jean II d’Alençon met Jeanne d'Arc 7 March 1429, the day after she met Charles VII at Chinon. She referred to Jean II as 'mon beau duc', and they practiced jousting together. He offered her a horse, and would later testify that Jeanne handled arms with ease. Jean II was the real military commander of the royal army in the initial part of the Loire campaign of 1429. He was at the taking of Jargeau and battle of Patay. Jean II was knighted by Charles VII on the day of Charles' coronation at Rheims (17 July 1429). Jean II was with Jeanne at the failed siege of Paris (August 1429), but left her company when Charles VII disbanded the army on the Loire, 21 September 1429.
Jean II d’Alençon continuied to participate in several small campaigns in Maine, Anjou, and Normandy. However, as did some other nobles, he began to feel mistreated by Charles VII. In 1439-44, Jean II joined in the revolt (known as the Praguerie), which was quickly put down. Most all the participants were forgiven, as they were needed by Charles VII for his final victory.
When he returned to claim his domain in 1449, Jean II was in serious financial difficulty. He increasingly felt that he was being denied rightful rewards and that he was being ill-treated by the French king. In fustration, Alençon enterted into some secret correspondence with the English. When this was discovered, Alençon was arrested soon after he testified at the nullification trial of Jeanne d’Arc, and imprisoned in the fortress of Aigues-Mortes. In 1458, at Vendôme, the Parlement of his peers judged Alençon guilty of treason. He was imprisoned at chateâu Loches. Upon the death of Charles VII in 1461, Louis XI freed his godfather, Alencon, restoring his rights, but required Alençon to surrender some fortresses and the wardship of his children (René and Catherine) until they married. Alençon refused the terms, was re-arrested and put in the castle of Rochecorbon, then to Loches, and finally to Paris. A new trial before Parlement of Paris condemned him to death on 18 July 1474. He was not executed, and remained a prisoner in the Louvre until he died in 1476. Louis XI had already reunited the duchy to the crown, expelling Alençon’s wife.
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Xaintrailles, Jean Poton de (d.1461).
Poton de Xaintrailles [Saintrailles] began as a mercenary in the service of the duke of Burgundy in 1424, but later switched to fight with the forces supporting Charles VII. He was one of the many 'freelance' warriors upon whom the French had to rely following the major defeats of Agincourt (1415) and Verneuil (1424), and prior to rebuilding a formal military organization. Poton often conducted operations along with another mercenary, known as 'La Hire'. The two were captured by a Burgundian force at Mons-en-Vimeu (1421) and later ransomed. They were together again at the Battle of 'the Herrings', in January 1429. Later in the year, they joined in the Maid's Loire campaign. Poton de Xaintrailles was captured in March 1431, by the earl of Warwick, when his raiding force attempted to ambush the English regent, duke Bedford. Poton was exchanged for the famous English captain Talbot (who had been captured at Patay, June 1429).
Poton campaigned with moderate success in Normandy in 1435. The Dauphin Louis [future XI] took Poton with him in the 1444 campaign against the Swiss. Poton developed from a free-booting mercenary into a reliable leader in the new armies formed by Charles VII following the 1444-49 truce in the war between England and France. When hostilities re-opened, Poton was a leader in the 1450 French reconquest of Normandy. Recognition of his military contribution to the reconquest of Normandy was evidenced by him being the 'grand écuyer' who bore the royal ceremonial sword, Joyeuse, in the procession of Charles VII's entry into Rouen in June 1451.
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Clermont, Jean II 'le Bon', comte de, and later duc de Bourbon (1426-88).
Jean II de Bourbon held the title of comte de Clermont [from 1433 to 1456] during the very last part of the war. Jean assumed title for the duchies of Bourbon and of Auvergne (as Jean III) upon the death of his father in 1456, Charles I, duc de Bourbon. Jean II's mother was Agnès de Bourgogne (1407-76).
Jean II de Bourbon devloped into one of the more effective military leaders to serve Charles VII. He is famous for the Battle of Formigny (1450), where he shared the honors with the constable, Arthur de Richemont, for the defeat of the English army in Normandy. Jean II served as a leader in the reconquest campaigns of Guyenne in 1451 and 1453.
Jean II de Bourbon married Charles VII's daughter, Jeanne de Valois (c.1439-82) in 1447; Catherine d'Armagnac (d.1487) in 1484; and Jeanne la June de Bourbon (1465-1511) in 1487. His only recorded children were by unknown mistresses, and are: Matheu (d.1504), Charles (d.1502), and Hector (d.1502).
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Bourbon, Charles I duc de (1401-56).
He was known as the comte de Clermont (a title traditionally held by the heir to the duchy of Bourbon) for some time during the last phase of the Hundred Years' War up to 1433, when his father, Jean I, duc de Bourbon (b.1381) died in English captivity. [Jean I de Bourbon was captured at Agincourt (1415). Along with other high French nobles, close to the royal bloodline (such as Charles, duc d'Orléans, and his brother Jean, comte d'Angoulême) the English delayed the release of the duc Jean I de Bourbon.]
Charles I de Bourbon, the fifth duc de Bourbon, was an agressive leader of the Armagnac forces that supported the French king, Charles VII. He rose to be lieutenant general of Languedoc and Guyenne, of Dauphiné, the Bourbonnais, Auvergne and Forez. He was wounded at the Battle of the Herrings, and withdrew from operations in the defense of Orléans in 1429. He later joined the Loire Valley campaign at Troyes and was present at Charles VII's coronation at Rheims (July 1429). He remained by Jeanne d'Arc until after her failed siege of Paris (September 1429).
Charles I de Bourbon participated in the overthrow of the infamous counselor to Charles VII, La Trémoïlle in 1432. However, Charles' Armagnac faction became jealous of the increasing angevin influence that emerged as Charles d'Anjou, comte du Maine, assumed the Counselor's position next to the French king. Capitalizing on prevailing resentment of some of the young nobles toward the early reforms of Charles VII, Charles I de Bourbon was a leader in the brief Praguerie revolt against the king in 1439-40. As a result, Charles I de Bourbon lost some castles and his honorable place at court. His son Jean II de Bourbon continued to be held in high esteem by Charles VII for his military service.
Charles I de Bourbon had married Agnès de Bourgogne [Burgundy] (1407-76), daughter of Jean the Fearless duc de Bourgogne [and sister of Philippe 'le Bon' de Bourgogne]; their sons were: Jean II [see above]; Charles II, Cardinal (1434-88); Louis, Bishop of Liege (1436-1482); Pierre II (1438-1503) [known also as Pierre de Beaujeu]. Charles I de Bourbon died of gout in 1456.
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Bueil, Jean V de (1405-78), comte de Sancerre, amiral de France.
Jean de Bueil's father (Jean IV) and uncles were killed at Agicourt (1415). Jean V was 18 for his first battle Verneuil (1424), where he served alongside the young duc d'Alençon and under the vicomte de Narbonne, who is killed. His next tutor in warfare was the veteran Le Hire. As a young warrior, de Bueil earned the nickname le fléau des Anglais, and fought under the banner of Jeanne d'Arc during the 1429 Loire Valley campaign. De Bueil served in numerous major campaigns in Normandy, and held office as lieutenant general in the frontier districts of Anjou and Maine in the late 1430s. During this time, De Bueil defended Yolande d'Anjou's lands against raids by various French and English mercenary companies, as wll as engaged in a small war against the marchal de Rais over the castle of Sablé.
De Bueil took part in the 1439-40 Praguerie against Charles VII. However, his military ability brought him back into favor of the French king. De Bueil commanded the main body of troops that went to Switzerland and Germany with the dauphin Louis [future XI] in 1444. De Bueil was in the epic battle at Saint-Jacques (26 August 1444), near Bâle [Basel], where the Swiss were defeated, but at great cost to the French led mercenary army. De Bueil served with distinction in the final reconquest of Normandy, and in 1450 he was appointed admiral of France [after Coëtivy was killed at the siege of Cherbourg in the same month], and he received the Norman vicomté of Carentan. He was one of the senior military captains at the battle of Castillon (1453), and had an argument with Jacques de Chabannes for credit with the victory.
When he ascended to the French throne in 1461, Louis XI dismissed most all of the men, such as de Bueil, who were close to his father, Charles VII. De Bueil's title of Admiral was given to Jean de Montauban, and he was forced to withdraw from the court. Although he was part of the 'du bien public' 1465 revolt against Louis XI, de Bueil was received back into Louis' graces, along with many of the other older warriors, when the king realized that he needed their skills to survive the increasing Burgundian military threat.
Jean de Bueil is famous particularly for writing the semi-autobiographical work, Le Jouvencel. In his old age he authored this 'novel' that is a thinly disguised account, with ficticious names, of events he had witnessed in his long and combatant career. Unlike the tone of other chronicles of the era, Bueil's account expesses disenchantment with chivalric warfare. His work records the perceptions that had to be learned by the other young French 'companions' who contributed to the ultimate French victories.
"No other literary work of the fifteenth century gives so sober a picture as Le Jouvencel of wars of the period; and in it the chivalric knight is merging into the soldier of modern times; the universal and religious ideal is becoming national and military." [p.181, Fowler's The Age of Plantagenet and Valois.]
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Orléans, Charles, duc d' (1394-1465).
He is not really a 'companion of the Maid', as he was in captivity during her time in the war. However, it was his city for which she is famous for saving. The duke was generous to her family in later years, but the famous poet wrote nothing of Jeanne d'Arc. Charles' special role in the war was his long captivity, which was shared with his brother, Jean, comte d'Angoulême, following their capture at the battle of Agincourt (1415). The Orléanist nobles were too close to the royal Valois bloodline for Henry V of England or his brother, the regent Bedford, to let be returned to France, especially in light of the English kings' pretentions to the crown of France. For 25 years the English had hoped to defeat the dauphin, and later Charles VII. Should they have succeeded and with Charles d'Orléans and his brother in their custody, the claim of Henry VI of England (grandson to Charles VI of France) would have been less threatened.
Charles d'Orléans is famous for the poetry he wrote as a prisoner in England while his domains were defended by others. First there was his younger brother, comte de Vertus, who died in 1420, before the English siege of Orléans had begun. Then the defense was put in the capable hands of his half-brother, Jean, known as 'the bastard of Orléans'.
Charles d'Orléans' release in 1440 from English captivity was largely an initiative of the duc de Bourgogne, Philippe 'the good', whose father, Jean 'the fearless' had had Charles' father (Louis I d'Orléans) assassinated in 1407 -- one of the main causes of the Burgundian-Armagnac civil war. Charles worked for a fuller reconcilation between the French royal house and the duc de Bourgogne. However, Louis XI (r.1461-1483) was suspicious of the Burgundians' intentions and the relationship between Louis and Charles was uneasy. Charles d'Orléans' last wife bore a son, who succeeded to the throne of France following the death of Louis XI's son, Charles VIII (r.1483-1498), as Louis XII (r.1498-1515).
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Anjou, René 'le bon' d' (1409-80), duc de Bar.
Though sometimes mentioned among the 'companions' of the Maid, there is little evidence that he really fought in the same engagments. He managed to be in her presence at times. This is strange in that his mother, Yolande de Aragón, was a strong supporter of Jeanne d'Arc, and that the Maid came from Domrémy, which was located in the county of Bar, René's own region. However, René was largly preoccupied with his personal claims to titles, all of which were contested.
René d'Anjou was about 18 years old when Jeanne came on the public scene. He was the son of Louis II de Anjou ['king of Sicily', duc d'Anjou, comte de Provence] and Yolande de Aragón. René married Isabelle, the heiress of Lorraine in 1419. He witnessed his country pass into the hands of the English duke Bedford, his county of Guise sized by Jean de Luxembourg (1424). René took part in the siege of Vaudemont and then in the expedition against Metz.
René is believed to have always been supportative of the Maid, even though he was forced in April and May, 1429, to pay homage to the lieutenant of the King of England through duke Bedford. After the raising of the siege at Orléans, René openly disavowed his former oaths. Though René arrived at Rheims too late for the coronation sacrament, he reportedly sought a role to join the ranks of the royal army, and to lead the Maid's army. However, the moment for further glory at the side of Jeanne d'Arc had passed, and René had 'his own wars'.
René I d'Anjou, duc de Bar and Lorraine [since 1431], was captured by Antoine de Vaudement in a local territorial dispute, at the battle of Bulgnéville (1431). The Emperor Sigismund was asked to decide the quarrel. René was temporarly released in 1432, and Sigismund decided in René's favor in 1434. However, the dethroned Anthony went to the duc de Bourgogne, who required René to place himself in Burgundian custody.
While a prisoner, René's older brother, Louis III, duc d'Anjou, died (1434) in Italy (campaigning for the crown of Naples). René d'Anjou inherited Louis III's claim to Anjou and to Naples [and Sicily in title only].* Philippe de Bourgogne refused to free René from his prison at Dijon. Therefore, René's wife, Isabella, whom her husband had named regent of Anjou, Provence, and Naples, went to Naples in 1435. There, she was confronted by Alfonso of Aragón. For his freedom in 1437, René was obliged to abdicate the duchy of Lorraine in favor of his son, Jean [Jean, duc de Calabre, became Jean II, duc of Lorraine (d.1470) after his mother's death.]. René went to Italy, but was driven out of Naples in 1442 by a rival claimant, Alfonso V of Aragón. René then turned his attention to his interests in France (Anjou and Lorraine). René's daughter, Margaret d'Anjou, married king Henry VI of England as part of the Truce of Tours (1444). The truce was broken and war resumed in 1449, and René fought in 1449-50 campaigns alongside Charles VII against the English in Normandy.
Upon assuming the crown in France in 1461, Louis XI expressed his resentment of the angevin nobles, whom he felt were against him when he was dauphin and tried to undermind his father, Charles VII. René's brother, Charles d'Anjou, comte du Maine, was a close and powerful advisor of Charles VII. In 1466 René accepted the title king of Aragón from the Catalans rebelling against John II of Aragón. The rebellion was put down with some help from the French king Louis XI, and René was denied another crown. René retired to Province where he painted and authored romances in prose and verse. He had agreed to Louis XI's demand that upon René's death, the duchies of Anjou and Bar would be turned over to the crown.
*Note to explain the title of 'king' that is often associated with René I d'Anjou. The Jerusalem claim of the angevins goes back to, Fulk V, comte d'Anjou, who became king in 1131 of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, which his descendants ruled until 1186. After that it was a mere titular claim. The claim to Naples was also titular. Louis III, duc d'Anjou died at Cozensa in Calabre seeking his claim to that Italian kingdom, which had been promised to his grandfather, Louis I d'Anjou, by Queen Joanna of Naples. In 1435, Joanna II of Naples died, designating René I d'Anjou her heir.
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Rais [Retz], Gilles de Laval, sire de (1404-40).
A descendent of a famous noble Breton family (Laval), Gilles de Rais inherited great wealth. When he was 11 years old, both his parents died and he was raised by a grandfather who exercised little discipline over the youth. Gilles kidnapped his cousin and married her in 1420. He enjoyed tournaments and eagerly participated in warfare from 1427 onwards. He proved to be a very vigorous warrior and was at the side of Jeanne d'Arc during her Loire Valley campaign (1429). Though fundamentally a misogynic, Gilles de Rais appeared attracted to the Maid's daring and welcomed the opportunity to make his fondness of battle seem glorious. He was present at the 17 July 1429 coronation of Charles VII at Rheims, and on the same day was made a marshal of France at age 25.
However, Gilles withdrew from the forces of Charles VII even before the maytardom of Jeanne d'Arc. When his benefactor in the court of Charles VII, La Trémoïlle, was overthrown, de Rais became aleniated from the leading French court factions that supported Yolande d'Aragón. He and his former 'companion-in-arms', Jean de Bueil, conducted a little war (1430) between themselves over the castle of Sablé. He returned briefly to serve Charles VII in leading a force that forced duke Bedford to raise his 1432 siege of Lagny.
After 1435, de Rais ceased military activity and retired to his castle at Tiffauges. His life proceeded to spin downward and out of control. He squandered his inherited wealth in extravagent entertainment, black magic and alchemy. Eventually he was accused, and confesed under torture, to have sadistically murdered well over a hundred children. He was hung and burned at Nantes, France (26 October 1440). His ultimate disgrace influenced many historians to shun reporting his early positive military performance. His association with the legenday Bluebeard in French folklore has no basis. Probably next to the story of Jeanne, herself, Gilles' story is almost unbelievable.
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Vignolles, Étienne de (' La Hire') (d.1443).
Poton was know for quick raids and taking of English positions, which he usually could not hold for long. He was at the battle of Baugé (1421). La Hire was with Dunois, when they reinforced Montargis with 1,600 troops, forcing Warwick to break off his siege. La Hire seized Le Mans, but Talbot retook the town later. La Hire, with Dunois and Poton de Xaintrailles, reinforced Orléans early in the siege and remained active in the army of the Loire campaign if 1429 until the coronation of Charles VII. In late 1436, La Hire and Poton de Xaintrailles appeared in front of Rouen with 1,000 troops, but the citizens would not admit them. The French retired to a little town of Ris, where they were later driven out by Talbot. La Hire was made captain general of Normandy by Charles VII. He was later captured by the Burgundians and ransomed by the French king. La Hire became ill at Montauban during one of the early reconquest campaigns of the southwest, and died 11 January 1443.
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Coeur, Jacques (1395-56).
Not a companion of the Maid, but an important player in the success of Charles VII. Jacques Coeur [James Heart] was a remarkable entrepreneur who became the royal Argentier to Charles VII. Coeur was responsible for the reorganization of the French royal finances, an essential factor that enabled Charles VII to maintain and equip a regularly paid army. This contributed significantly to the French military successes. He was close to Pierre de Brezé, senior advisor to Charles VII, and well acquainted with the Burgundian court diplomat and chronicler, Georges Chastellain.
Jacques Coeur owned trading companies all over France and had a Mediterranean fleet (decorated with the fleur-de-lis) freighting oriental luxuries from the Levant to the West. His ships were active in trade with England (after the truce in 1441), and to the east in the Levant. His son was made Archbishop of Bourges. His motto was: A vaillans coeurs rien impossible (to valiant hearts, nothing is impossible).
His wealth, high connections and contribution to the success of Charles VII did not save Jacques Coeur from court intrigue and political enemies. He was accused of poisoning the beloved mistress of Charles VII. Coeur was arrested in 1451, and forced to endure a long trial from 1451 to 53. The original charges were too preposterous, and his enemies (who wanted either to free themselves from his debt or to seize his wealth) had him found guilty of financial 'irregularities' in performing his official duties. He was imprisoned, but managed to escape to Italy in 1454. Coeur eventually died on the isle of Chios while on a crusade against the Turks. Jacques Coeur's tragic end is often cited along with other examples of Charles VII's ingratitude towards some of those who served him so well.
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Bureau, Jean, seigneur de Montglas (d.1463).
Not a companion of the Maid, but he, supported by his brother [Gaspard Bureau, seigneur de Villemomble (d. 1469)], was an important player in the success of Charels VII. Though the the Bureau brothers were prominant in the development of the French artillery train and the other areas of military administration, they are not well described in historical accounts. In part, the skimpy accounts of their lives may be due to their not being high nobility, and also their keen awarness not to seek notirity among a sea of jealous nobles and other clever adventurers who crowded the court of Charles VII. Jean Bureau was known to have been a lawyer in English-occupied France, before he offered his serives to Charles VII in 1434. His initial position was that of an administrator, with possibly some familarity with gunnery. He was appointed Treasurer of France in 1443, but had already acquired fame in directing the siege artillery
While records confirm only that Gaspard held the title as 'Master of Artillery', Jean was described as the overall 'comander' of several artillery operations -- essentially the 'chief military engineer', though the term was not used then. He mastered the techniques of late fifteenth century gunpowder artillery, and organized and directed the artillery train that served Charles VII's final expeditions in the Hundred Years' War. Jean Bureau was known to never fail to take a town he besieged. His reputation grew with the sieges of Montereau (1437), Meaux (1439), St-Germain-en-Laye (1440) and Pontoise (1441). His greatest fame is the battle of Castillon (1453), where he directed the field defenses of the French artillery park, primarily with gunpowder weapons. His military activities were concurrent to his high cousulor duties in the king's council, where his reputation was equally exceptional. After the war, both brothers continued to be present in the king Charles VII's court. More suprisingly, they were maintained by Louis XI, who otherwise dismissed most all of his father's advisors upon assuming he crown in 1461.
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Agnès Sorel (c.1422-50).
Certainly not a companion of the Maid, but one of the important women who contributed to the success of Charels VII. She was introduced to the royal court around 1432/3 as a lady-in-waiting to Isabelle de Loraine, wife of René d'Anjou. When Isabelle went to Italy to help defend her imprisoned husband's rights in 1435, Agnès Sorel joined the ladies of Isabelle's sister-in-law, Marie d'Anjou, the Queen of Charles VII. There seems to have been easy acceptance by both Marie and her mother, Yolande d'Aragón, when Charles VII announced Agnès Sorel as the first recognized 'royal mistress' in France. Charles lavished many gifts upon 'the beautiful Agnès', which included many castles. One was the famous château de Beauté, near the Bois de Vincennes.
Agnès Sorel's influence on Charles VII is almost universally recognized as positive. She invloved herself in state affairs and encouraged Charles to follow the advice of the more capable advisors. She was closely associated with one of the most able, the 'first minister' and Norman lord Pierre II de Brezé. In fact, de Brezé may have brought her to the king's attention in the first place. She was also close to Jacques Coeur. Agnès Sorel accompanied Charles VII as he began the triumphant reconquest of Normandy. Before the reconquest was completed, she became ill and died suddenly at Jumièges, a short time after having bore Charles VII their fifth daughter.
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Boussac, maréchal de [or Jean de Brosse], Seigneur de Sainte-Sévère (1375-1433).
Maréchal de Boussac, or Jean de Brosse, Seigneur de Sainte-Sévère et de Boussac in Berri was often reported to be in the company of Jeanne d'Arc during the Loire Valley campaign of 1429. He had inherited properity from his uncle. He was made marshal of France 17 July 1426 in exchange for considerable money advanced to the king. On 4 Nov 1417 he was made bailly, and in 1422, Admiral of France. He was appointed lieutenant to the king and governor of the region of the Marne and Somme. He held power at least until 1430. However, he was excommunicated for debts and just missed not being buried in consecrated ground. One of his descendents married a natural son of René of Anjou.
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Chabannes, Jacques de (d.1453).
Jacques de Chabannes was senechal of Bourbonnais. He participated in the Loire Valley campaign of 1429. He and his younger brother, Antoine de Chabannes, both rose from mercenary ranks to be members in the household of Charles VII. Like some of the other military leaders who were involved in the brief Praguerie revolt against Charles VII, Jacques de Chabannes was quickly returned to the king's favor. He was a grand maître in Charles VII's household and served as a leader in the 1449-50 reconquest of Guyenne. Jacques de Chabannes was wounded at the battle of Castillon (1453), and died two months later due to a plague in the local region.
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Chabannes, Anthoine de (c.1408-1488), comte de Dammartin.
Anthoine was the younger brother of Jacques de Chabannes, and some accounts include him among the forces that served in the 1429 Loire Valley campaign of Jeanne d'Arc. However, his reputation developed afterwards. He proved himself a capable military commander, and served with the dauphin Louis and Dunois in the Normandy campaign that forced the English under Talbot to break off their siege of Dieppe in August 1443. He remained with Louis during the dauphin's 1444 expedition that took the Armanac stronghold of Rodez, and captured the comte de Armanagac. He also served under Louis in the latter's 1444 campaign against the Swiss, personally leading an expedition that raided some districts of Burgundy until stopped by the marshal of Burgundy.
Anthoine became involved in court intrigues that place him at odds with some of the angevins in the French court. His most significant confrontation occured in 1446, when he exposed the dauphin Louis' plotting against Pierre de Brezé, the powerful advisor of Charles VII's court. The incident eventually led to the dauphin's banishment from the court. Anthoine de Chabannes was rewarded with the lordship of Blanquefort, in Médoc on 17 June 1451, and was given command of one of Charles VII's new companies d'ordonnance. In August 1456, Anthoine led a French force into Dauphiné to take dispositions from the dauphin Louis. When the dauphin became became king Louis XI in 1461, he immediately took revenge upon Antoine de Chambannes. Antoine was condemned by the Parlement of Paris for lèse-majesté in 1463 and imprisonned in the Bastile. He escaped joined the duc de Bourbon in the 'League of the Public Weal' uprising against Louis XI. Leaning from his reverses, Louis XI dramatically made amends with many of the old court favorites of his father. With others such as Dunois and de Brezé, Antoine de Chambannes went on to serve the new king with distinction. Antoine became Grand Master of the Royal Household and a close confident to Louis XI.
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Brézé, Pierre II de (1408-65).
He was one of the younger warriors in the royal army of the Loire Campaign of 1429. De Brézé's political skill was recognized by Charles VII, who brought him into his court. He was first minister of Charles VII, though his service was marked with considerable intrigue. He was also involved in the Praguerie revolt against Charles VII, but quickly returned to favor. He was appointed captain of the regained city of Poitu, and received the title Seneschal de Poitu. De Brézé was closely associated with the royal mistress, Agnès Sorel, and the wealthy financier, Jacques Coeur. De Brézé and Jacques Coeur schemed, but failed, to extend French dominion over Genoa. He was made grand sénéchal of Normandy and given the duke of Somerset's house at Rouen. He was well liked by the Burgundian diplomat and chronicler, Chastellain, who often visited the French court.
De Brézé had risen to power with the support of Yolande d'Aragón (duchess d'Anjou). After her death, De Brézé's personal ambitions conflicted with those of other angevin factions in CharlesVII's court. De Brézé's powerful influence in the court was strongly resented by the dauphin, Louis. When Louis XI gained the throne in1461, he sent de Brézé from the court. However, after suffering reverses in a revolt of the nobles, Louis recognized that he needed the ex-top minister and invited de Brézé back. De Brézé served Louis XI most loyaly and died in the inconclusive battle of Montlhéry, leading the advance guard of the French king's royal army against the larger allied force of Burgundians and French nobles in revolt.
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La Fayette, Gilbert de Motier, Marschal de (c.1380-1462).
He served with distinction against the English and Burgundians on the Loire in 1420 and was made a marshal of France. He was briefly imprisoned by the English after Battle of Verneuil (1424), and later served with Jeanne d'Arc at Orléans and at Patay in 1429. La Fayette became a member of the grand council of Charles VII and enjoyed the king's favor throughout most of his life.
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Members of the Maid's personal 'household'
Jean de Metz (b. c.1388), known also as Jean de Nouillonpont.
He was with those who escorted Jeane d'Arc from Vaucouleurs to Chinon to meet the king. After he helped her obtain a horse and male clothing. In March 1444, de Metz was enobled by Charles VII. At age 67, he testified at the nullification trial (1455).
Bertrand de Poulegny (b. c.1387).
A squire who, along with Jean de Metz, escorted Jeanne d'Arc to Chinon. As with de Metz, Bertrand received money from Charles VII for armor and to support himself and pay for the Maid's expenses. At age 68, he provided information on Jeanne d'Arc's family at the nullification process in 1455.
Jean d'Aulon.
He was at Jeanne d'Arc's side in all of her engagments. Along with his brother, Ponton, Jean d'Aulon was captured with Jeanne at Compiègne. He attended to Jeanne during the early phase of their captivity. Jean d'Aulon was finally released and, much later, he was rewarded with the seneschal of Beaucaire.
Louis de Coutes and Raymond.
Assigned as Jeanne d'Arc's pages.
Ambleville and Guyenne.
Assigned as Jeanne d'Arc's heralds.
Jean and Pierre Darc.
Her brothers joined her 1429 campaign at Tours. Pierre was captured with her at Compiègne. He was eventually released. After the family was enobled, they took name 'du Lys'. Jean became the Captain of Vaucoulers. Pierre retired to the city of Orléans and received a pension from its duke Charles.
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Recommend visit to a French site that addresses this subject. Most of the pages are in French.
Regardez:  Les Compagnons d'Armes de Jeanne d'Arc
Site créé par Jean-Claude COLRAT en hommage aux officiers du roi, capitaines de gens d'armes, membres de milices bourgeoises et autres, ayant combattu au côté de Jeanne d'Arc d'Orléans à Compiègne (avril 1429 - mai 1430).
However, there are a number of pages being translated into English. These are indexed at:
Joan of Arc's Companions.

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This page was last updated 14 October 2013.
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Hundred Years War, la guerre de cent ans, Joan of Arc