BIBLIOGRAPHY
for the
HUNDRED YEARS' WAR

and the
Société de l'Oriflamme website

Working Document: last revised 12 July 2003.

This bibliography has two sections. One section is for works contemporary with the period of the Hundred Years' War. The other section is a selective list of later works which are considered useful from an immense quantity of modern works on Western medieval warfare and French medieval history beyond the timeframe of the Hundred Years' War, and serves to support the broader scope of topics on European medieval warfare encompassed by the Société de l'Oriflamme website.

In the future, various entries will be added, some more will be annotated, and some of the current comments expanded.

Comments and suggestions on this list are invited and welcomed Société de l'Oriflamme. [Hundred Years War, la guerre de cent ans, medieval French military history,]

DIRECTORY

Chronicles and Contemporary Sources
       
General Works

Chronicles and Contemporary Sources

[anonymous]. Journal d'un Bourgeois de Paris, 1405-49, late 15th century account, ed. A. Tutuey, Paris, 1881.
Unknown, non-nobleman author provides a very personal account of Paris during and after the English-Burgundian occupation of Paris. English version: A Parisian Journal, by Janet Shirley (Oxford University Press, London, 1968). Shirley's work is an origial translation of the medieval French manuscripts, of which there are six (non original and each incomplete) at The Vatican, Oxford, Aix, and three in BN, Paris. First complete publication was in 1729 by La Barre, relying on the Paris manuscripts.
[anonymous]. Das Feuerwerkbuch, (ca 1400).
A famous medieval treatise on the origins of gunpowder, based upon one of the earliest manuscripts known on the subject. The author was for some time attrubuted to 'the legenday' Berthold Schwarz, a medieval German alchemist friar. This small volume was edited by Gerhard Kramet and translated into English by Klaus Leibnitz. Published as the 2001 jubilee issue of The Journal of The Arms & Armour Society, vol XVII, No.1.
Basin, Thomas. Histoire de Charles VII, 2 vols., French translation by C. Samaran, Paris, 1933 [reprinted: 1944, 1964- 65].
Bishop Thomas Basin (1412-1491) served in the court of Charles VII.
Bel, Jean le. Chronique de Jean de Bel, eds. Jules Viard and Eugene Déprez. 2 vols. Société de l'histoire de France (SHF), Paris, 1904-5.
Le Bel (c.1290-1370) was a knight and soldier as well as chronicler. His unique qualifications and disciplined reporting are mainly available in English where his text was incorporated (almost word for word) into the more reliable versions of Froissart's chronicles for the period prior to 1360. See Thompson, under General Works.
Blondel, Robert. Oeuvres, Paris, 1891.
_________. 'De reductione Normanniae' in Narratives of the Expulsion of English from Normandy MCCCCXLIX-MCCCCL [1449-1450], ed. J. Stevenson, London, 1863.
Rolls Series 32 of the Rerum Britannicarum Medii Aevi Scriptores, or Chronicles and Memorials of Great Britain and Ireland During the Middle Ages. See Stevenson, under General Works.
Bouvier, Jacques [Gilles] le [also known as 'The Herald of Berri' or 'Berry, Herault du Roy']. Chroniques du roi Charles VII, ed. Henri Courteault and Léonce Celier, Paris, 1979.
Written around 1455, but not published until 1661. Author was witness to many actions during the latter part of the war. The work has been mistakenly associated with Alain Chartier as Histoire de Charles VII.
_________. 'Le Recouvrement de Normendie' in Narratives of the Expulsion of English from Normandy MCCCCXLIX-MCCCCL [1449-1450], ed. J. Stevenson, London, 1863.
Rolls Series 32 of the Rerum Britannicarum Medii Aevi Scriptores, or Chronicles and Memorials of Great Britain and Ireland During the Middle Ages. See Stevenson, under General Works.
Bueil, Jean de. Le Jouvencel, 2 vols, Société de l'histoire de France, 1887-89.
Semi-biographical 'novel' on warfare of the period as experienced by the author, Jean de Bueil (1406-77), comte de Sancerre, a soldier who rose to responsible position in the service of Charles VII. The work is an un-glamorous portrayal of warfare; episodes described are slightly disguised real locations, persons, and combat during the time of Charles VII.
Cagny, Perceval de. Chroniques des ducs d'Alençon, ed. H. Moranville, Paris, 1902.
Written around 1436. Considered one of the best reports on the 1429 campaign of Jeanne d'Arc, which the author witnessed, and events until her capture in 1430. Author accompanied the duc d'Alençon.
Chartier, Jean. Chronique de Charles VII, ed. Auguste Vallet de Viriville, 3 vols, Paris, 1858.
Author was the brother of Alain Chartier (1385-1433), secretary to Charles VI and to Charles VII. This work is valuable for the researched editorial remarks of de Viviville. A Bibliotèque Nationale manuscript (ms fr. fo 2691) of Jean Chartier's work is often cited as the source of fifteenth-century, small paintings depicting major events in Charles VII's reign.
Chastellain, Georges. Oeuvres, ed. Kervyn de Lettenhove, Slatkine Reprints, Genève, 1971.
Georges Chastellain (1404/05-1475) was court chronicler to Philippe 'the Good', duke of Burgundy. He visited the French court many times.
TOME I, CHRONIQUE 1419-1422; TOME II, CHRONIQUE 1430-1431, 1452-1453; TOME III, CHRONIQUE 1454-1458; TOME IV, CHRONIQUE 1461-1464; TOME V, CHRONIQUE 1464, 1466-1468, 1470; TOME VI, OEUVRES DIVERSES; TOME VII, OEUVRES DIVERSES; TOME VIII, OEUVRES DIVERSES, and Table Analytique for all volumes.
        Edgar de Blieck has submitted the following information: Substantial extra fragments of Chastelain's Book IV are now available in the following publication: J.-C. Delclos (ed.), Georges Chastellain, Chronique: les fragments du livre IV révélés par l'Additional manuscript 54156 de la British Library (Droz, Geneva 1991).
Commynes, Philippe de. Mémoires, ed. J. Calmette and G. Durville, 3 vols., Paris, 1924-64.
Philippe de Commynes (1447-1511), seigneur d'Argenton, was a chronicler in the Burgundian court, from which he fled.
Cousinot, G. Journal du siège d'Orléans, Orléans, 1428-29.
Cousinot, the Chancellor of Orléans at the time of the siege, is the suspected author of this day-by-day account of the historic siege and relief. It is available to modern readers in Journal du siège d'Orléans [et du voyage de Reims] 1428-29, ed. P. Charpentier and Charles Cuissard, Orléans, 1896.
Cuvelier, J. Chronique de Bertrand du Guesclin, ed. E. Charrière, 2 vols, Paris, 1839.
Escouchy, Matthieu d'. Chroniques de Matthieu d'Escouchy, Paris, 1863-64.
D'Escouchy (b. ca 1420) was a 'continuator' of Monstrelet for the years after 1444. For some time his work was credited to the latter. He began to write about 1465. Though a Burgundian writer, he covers the final stages of Charles VII's reconquests in France. See Thompson, under General Works.
Froissart, Jean. Oeuvres: Chroniques, ed. Kervyn de Lettenvove, 25 vols., Brussels, 1867-77.
Probably the most authoritative work of this chronicler outside of the multiple versions and variations of original manuscripts located in various archives. Many abridged versions of Froissart were translated into English at an early date [Lord Berners published his translation in 1523-35], and Froissart is the most frequently referenced contemporary chronicler in general English works on the Hundred Years' War. Unfortunately, Jean Froissart (c.1337-c.1410) is often carelessly referenced to support incidents that conflict with his accounts given elsewhere. Froissart's account of events prior to 1360 are mostly dependent upon Jean le Bel's writings. See Thompson, under General Works.
_________. Chronicles of England, France and Spain, English translation by Thomas Johnes, 2 vols., London, 1806.
Most accessible to English readers is Geoffrey Brereton's translation of Froissart's chronicles published, in very abridged form, by Penguin, 1968 [many reprints].
Gruel, Guillaume. Chronique d'Arthur de Richemont, ed. A. le Vavassur, Paris, 1890.
Written in 1458-66 by member of duke Arthur's court in Brittany, and who accompanied the constable in some earlier campaigns, such as at Formigny (1450).
Juvenal des Ursins, Jean. Histoire de Charles VI, ed. J.A.C. Buchon, Paris, 1836.
Juvenal des Ursins was secretary to the dauphin Chalres [VI] and was Archbishop and Chancellor of France under the king Charles VII.
Lefevre de Saint-Remy, Jean. Chronique, ed. François Morand. 2 vols., Paris, 1876-1881.
Work, covers 1408-34, by a witness to some of Jeanne d'Arc's campaigns.
Marche, Oliver de la . Mémoires, ed. H. Beaume and J. d'Arbaumont, 4 vols., Paris, 1883-88.
Oliver de La Marche (1425-1502) was successor to Georgs Chastellain in the Burgundian court.
Martial d'Auvergne [or 'de Paris']. Les Vigiles de Charles VII, 2 vols., Paris, 1724 .
A poem written in the late fifteenth century, sometimes identified as Poésies.
Monstrelet, Enguerrand de. Chronique, ed. L. Douét-d'Arcq, 6 vols., Paris, 1857-62.
Monstrelet considered himself a 'continuator' of Froissart. His work begins in 1400 and ends with his death in 1444. He reflected his bias as a Burgundian and hostility toward Charles VII. His vivid narrative made his work popular and influenced other writers of the fifteenth century and later. See Thompson, under General Works.
Pizan, Christine de. The Book of Deeds of Arms and of Chivalry. English translation of Fais d'armes et de chevalerie (c.1411). Translation is by Summer Willard (Brig. Gen., USA, Ret.), and is edited by Charity Cannon Willard; Pennsylvanania State University Press, 1999.
Christine de Pizan (ca.1364-ca.1431), daughter of an Italian nobleman who served in the court of Charles V of France. She was familiar with French, English and Burgundian courts. She wrote poetry as well as a work describing contemporary military affaires: Fait d'armes et de chevalerie (Feats of Arms and of Chivalry) (ca.1404-1407). For many years, the only English translation was by William Caxton [d.1491] ( ed. A.T.P. Byles, Early English Text Society, London, 1937). While Byles' introduction remains the more comprehensive in terms of placing Christine's work in context, Caxton's text really needs 'translation' for a modern Anglophone audience. In this respect, the new edited translation by the Willards is an important contribution.
       The husband and wife team behind this translated and edited work bring unusual talent to the task. Charity Willard is a noted scholar on the works of Christine de Pizan. With his professional background and his previous translation of J.F. Verbruggen's German The Art of Warfare in Western Europe During the Middle Ages (1977 & 1997), Summer Willard was more than a ‘translator' in this unusual work by a remarkable fifteenth-century woman. Christine de Pizan had unusual access to the French royal court and its extensive library. Modern scholars have recently recognized her keen intellectual ability as well as her literary skills. The Willards have pealed away the indifference past scholars have given to Christine's little medieval ‘military manual on warfare'. Many have dismissed The Book of Deeds ... as a mere compilation of themes contained in popular works of the time by Vegetius and Honoré Bouvet. While this is obvious to a great extent, the Willard's editorial text convincingly argues that Christine introduced some observations unique to her particular time – a dramatic midpoint in the Hundred Years' War – and that her work undoubtedly reached the most important leaders of military reform that led to the French victory.
Viard, Jules, editor. Les Grandes Chroniques de France, Société de l'Histoire de France, 10 vols., Paris, 1920-53. See Spiegel under General Works.
Venette, Jean de. The Chronicle of Jean de Venette, translated by J. Birdsall, NY, 1953.
Wavrin, Jehan de. Recueil des croniques et anchiennes histoires de la Grant Bretaigne, Rolls Series, 1864-91.
Jehan de Wavrin (c.1394-c.1474), seigneur du Forestel, was a Flemish subject of the duke of Burgundy. He was present when his father and brother were killed at Agincourt, where they fought on the side of the French inspite of the Burgundian duke's instructions. However, with the strengthened alliance between the duke of Burgundy and the English in 1420, Waverin served on the English side in many engagements. After Burgundy withdrew from the Alliance with the English in 1435, Wavrin participated in some actions against the English. He was witness to the moments when the English conquest began to crumble. Upon retiring from military service, he undertook to research and to write a history of the English.

Return to Directory.


General Works

Allmand, Christopher. The Hundred Years' War, England & France at War c.1300-1450, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1988 [reprinted 1989]. A textbook review.
_________. Henry V, University of California Press, 1993.
_________. "L'Artillerie de l'armée angalise et son organization à l'époque de Jeanne d'Arc," in Jeanne d'Arc: Une Epoque, un rayonnement. Colloque d'histoire médiévale, Orléans, Octobre 1979, pp.73-84. See: Centre National de Recherche Scientifique, Paris, 1982.
Allmand, Christopher (ed.). Society at War: The Experience of England and France During the Hundred Years War, Oliver & Boyd, London, 1973.
Contains excerpts from texts contemporary with the Hundred Years' War.
Bachrach, Bernard. The Anatomy of a Little War: A Dipolmatic and Military History of the Gundovald Affair (568-586), Westview Press, Boulder, 1994.
Interesting study of a war between half-brothers [sons of the Merovingian king Chlotar I] Gundovald and Guntram (who ruled the Burgundian regnum in Gaul). The work "illuminates out understanding of war in the Roman-German kingdoms of Gaul."
_________. Early Carolingian Warfare, Prelude to Empire., University of Pennsylavania Press, 2001.
Valuable study of the early evolution of medieval warfare under the Franks. In particular it describes how the early "Carolingians built upon surviving military institutions, adopted late antique technology, and effectively used their classical intellectual inheritance to prepare the way for Charlemagne's empire."
       By casting light on the so-called 'dark ages', Bachrach's works allow for a broader perspective on the evolution of warfare in medieval Europe. Some of his other works that address the early medieval military history of France are:
Fulk Nerra, the Neo-Roman Consul, 987-1040, (University of Pennsylavania Press, 1993).
Merovingian Military Organization, 481-751 ,(University of Pennsylavania Press, 1972).
State-Building in Medieval France: Studies in Early Angevin History, (Variorum, 1977).
The Normans and their Adversaries at War, (to be co-edited with Richard Abels and published by Boydell in 2002)
More of his many articles and books listed at his webpage. See Dr. Bernard S. Bachrach's webpage.
Baraude, Henri. "Le Siège d'Orleans et Jeanne d'Arc," in Revue des questions historiques, 80 (1906), pp.74-112, 395-424; and 81 (1907), pp.31-65. [Cited in Margolis' Annotated Bibliography.]
Barret, Wilfred Philip. The Trial of Jeanne d'Arc: Translated into English from the Original Latin and French Documents, London, 1931.
Later published in New York, 1932, with an added essay "On the Trial of Jeanne d'Arc" by Pierre Champion, translated from French to English by Coley Taylor and Ruth H. Kerr.
Bataille, Georges. Le Procès de Gilles de Rais, Jean-Jacques Pauvert, Paris, 1965.
English translation: The Trial of Gilles de Rais, by Richard Robinson (Amok, Los Angeles, 1991). "The texts of the two trials of Gilles de Rais were based on the minutes and annotated by Georges Bataille. The Latin text of the ecclesiastical trial was translated into French by Pierre Klossowski." Robinson's work provides a good outline of events and treats evenly the difficult subject. Most modern works on the marshal de Rais make use of the difficult to acquire work of Abbot Bossard: Gilles de Rais Maréchal de France dit Barbe Bleue, 1404-1440, 8 vols. (Paris, 1886).
Beaucourt, Gaston du Fresne de. Histoire de Charles VII, 6 vols., Paris, 1881-1891.
Author is one of the few French historans that offers an aggressive defense of Charles VII.
_________. "Trois documents inédits sur la seconde campagne de Guyenne (1453)," Annuaire-Bulletin de la Société de l'Histoire de France (ABSHF), cxxiv, 1864.
One of other research articles Beaucourt wrote for ABSHF.
_________. "Jeanne d'Arc trahie par Charles VII," in Revue des questions historiques, (1867), pp.286-91. [Cited in Margolis' Annotated Bibliography.]
Beeler, John. WARFARE in Feudal Europe 730-1200, Cornell University, Ithaca, 1971.
A clear explaination of military feudalism, starting with the Frankish kingdom and as it took various forms and evolved throughout Europe. Its end with 1200, it a necessary baseline for understanding the military developments that followed.
Bossuat, André. Perrinet Gressart et François de Surienne, agents d'Angleterre: Contribution à l'étude des relations de l'Angleterre et de la Bourgogne avec la France sous le règne de Charles VII, Droz, Paris, 1936. [Cited in Margolis' Annotated Bibliography.]
Study of two English mercenaries in HYW.
Bothwell, J.S. (ed.) The Age of Edward III, (Medieval Press, Rochester, NY, 2001) ISBN 1-903153-06-9.
Reviewed by David S. Bachrach in The Journal of Military History (67:3 July 2003). A "collection of eleven articles drawn from the papers delivered" at a 1999 conference organized by the Centre for Medieval Studies, York University. "This collection benefits from a useful joint introduction by Chris Given-Wilson and Michael Prestwich that provides both a summary and critique of each of the articles in the volume."
Boucher, Louis. Les Secours écossais au temp de Jeanne d'Arc, Lainé, Rouen, 1929. [Cited in Margolis' Annotated Bibliography.]
Documents Scottish support of French at the time of Jeanne d'Arc.
Boucher de Molandon, and Adalbert de Beaucorps. "L'Armée angalise vaincue par Jeanne d'Arc sous les murs d'Orléans: Document et Plan," in Memoires de la Société archéologique d'Orléans, 23 (1892), pp.673-986. [Cited in Margolis' Annotated Bibliography.]
Bradbury, Jim. The Medieval Siege, Boydell Press, Woodbridge, 1992.
In particular the chapters on "Trouble in the West 1350-1500" and "Medieval Siege Weapons."
_________. The Medieval Archer, Boydell, Woodbridge, 1985.
One of the best works on the subject. Contains original observations by an author able to address this important arm of medieval warfare with perspective.
_________. Stephen and Matilda; The Civil War of 1139-53, Sutton, Somerset, 1996, 1998.
Finally a coherent and full coverage of the transition from the Norman to the Angevin dynasties in the English rulers. Probably in deference to the sensitivities of the general anticipated readership, the French origins of both dynasties are touched upon only lightly. The author continues to demonstarte his high standard of rationally addressing medieval military aspects.
_________. The Battle of Hastings, Sutton, Somerset, 1998.
A much needed disciplined examination of the myth laden 1066 conquest by the French Normans over the Anglo Saxon English king.
Burne, Alfred H. The Crécy War, A Military History of the Hundred Years War from 1337 to the peace of Brétigny, 1360, Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1955.
_________. The Agincourt War, A Military History of the latter part of the Hundred Years War from 1369 to 1453, Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1956.
Butet-Hamel, P. "La Libération de la Normandie au XVe siècle: Olivier Basselin et les compagnons de Vau-de-Vire continuateurs de Jeanne d'Arc," in Au Pays virois, (1923), pp.148-55; (1926), pp.51-64, 79-86, 122-28, 145-50, 165-76; (1927), pp.17-27, 59-64, 84-96, 115-22, 161-65; (1928), pp.17- 21.
Cited in Margolis' Annotated Bibliography. Addresses some aspects of Jeanne d'Arc's immediate military legacy.
Canonge, [Général] Frédéric. Jeanne d'Arc guerrière: Etude militaire, Nouvelle Librairie nationale, Paris, 1907.
French military officer's review of Jeanne d'Arc's military role. Cited in Margolis' Annotated Bibliography.
Carolus-Barré, Louis. "Deux 'camitaines italiens, compagnons de Jeanne d'Arc: Barthélemy (Baretta), Théaude de Valpergue (Valperga)," in Colloque Jeanne d'Arc, Compiègne. Bulletin de la Société de Compiègne, 28 (1982), pp.81-88. [Cited in Margolis' Annotated Bibliography.]
_________. "Le Siège de Compiègne et la déliverance de la ville, 20 mai-25 octobre 1430," in Bulletin de la Société de Compiègne, 28 (1982), pp.15-62. [Cited in Margolis' Annotated Bibliography.]
Castries, Duc de. The Lives of the Kings and Queens of France, English translation by Anne Dobell of Rois et Reines de France, Alfred A. Knopf, NY, 1997.
Centre National de Recherche Scientifique. Jeanne d'Arc: Une Epoque, un rayonnement. Colloque d'histoire médiévale, Orléans, Octobre 1979, Paris, 1982.
Collection of papers from conference commemorating 550th anniversary of 1429 relief of Orléans. Cited in Margolis' Annotated Bibliography.
Champion, Pierre. Guillaume de Flavy, captaine de Compiègne: Contribution à l'histoire de Jeanne d'Arc et à l'étude de la vie militaire et privée au XVe siècle, Bibliothèque du XVe siècle, H. Champion, Paris, 1906. [Cited in Margolis' Annotated Bibliography.]
Chapoy, Henri. Les Compagnons de Jeanne d'Arc: Domremi-Reims, 1412-1429, Bloud & Barral, 1897. [Cited in Margolis' Annotated Bibliography.]
Chevalier, Bernard. "Les Ecossais dans l'Armée de Charles VII jusqu'à la bataille de Verneuil," in Jeanne d'Arc: Une Epoque, un rayonnement. Colloque d'histoire médiévale, Orléans, Octobre 1979, pp.85-94. See: Centre National de Recherche Scientifique. [Cited in Margolis' Annotated Bibliography.]
Chevedden, Paul E. "Artillery in Late Antiquity: Prelude to the Middle Ages," The Medieval City under Siege, editors: Ivy A. Corfis and Michael Wolfe, Boydell, Woodbridge, 1995. This scholar on Arabic and early medieval literature relating to non-gunpowder artillery has many articles and books listed at his webpage. See Dr. Paul E. Chevedden's webpage.
Cipolla, Carlo M. Guns, Sails, and Empires: Technological Innovation and the Early Phases of European Expansion 1400–1700, Phantheon Books and Minerva Press, London and New York, 1965.
Cleugh, James. Chant Royal, the Life of King Louis XI of France (1423 1483), Doubleday, Garden City, NY, 1970.
Colrat, Jean-Claude. Compagnons d'armes de Jeanne La Pucelle, 3 tomes [volumes], Le Briquet, Orléans (1992).
Brief bibliographies [in French] of 225 French men-at-arms who were present at the siege of Orléans (1429) and artists renderings of the coats of arms of many of those listed. Contains a very fine overview of the French military structure at the time. The list of 'compagnons de Jeanne la Pucelle' is possibly largest that has been compiled with supported research. Tome 1 covers ABANCOURT through CIVILE; tome 2 covers COARRAZE through OGILVY; and tome 3 covers ORLÉANS through XAINTRAILLES. Tome 3 also contains indecies for the three volumes. It is published by an association that serves collectors of historic figurines.
Contamine, Philippe. War in the Middle Ages, Basil Blackwell, Oxford, 1990.
English translation by Michael Jones of Contamine's La Guerre au moyen âge, Paris, 1980.
_________. Guerre, état et société à la fin du Moyen Age, Etudes sur les armée des rois de France, 1337-1494, Paris, 1972.
_________. 'director', Histoire militaire de la France; tom 1, Des origines à 1715, Paris, 1992.
First of 4 volumes on French military history that goes up to modern era. Each volume has a 'timeline' chronology and extensive bibliography. Contributors to the first volume are: P. Contamine, André Corvisier, Anne Blanchard, Jean Meyer, Michel Mollay du Jourdin. Work is published by Presses Universitaires de France.
_________. L'oriflamme de Saint-Denis aux XIVe et XVe siècles, Étude de symboligue religieuse et royale, Nancy, 1975.
Coryn, M.S. Bertrand du Gussclin 1320-1380, Paris, 1934.
English version:The Black Eagle: Bertrand Du Guesclin Sword of France, Funk & Wagnalls, NY, 1934.
Cosneau, E. Le connétable de Richmont, Paris, 1886.
Couget [Abbot]. Jeanne d'Arc devant Paris, Spes, Paris, 1925. [Cited in Margolis' Annotated Bibliography.]
Curry, Anne. The Hundred Years War, St. Martin's Press, NY, 1993.
_________. L'Effet de libération de la ville d'Orléans sur l'armée anglaise; les problèmes de l'organization militaire en Normandie de 1429-1435," in Jeanne d'Arc: Une Epoque, un rayonnement. Colloque d'histoire médiévale, Orléans, Octobre 1979, pp.95-106. See: Centre National de Recherche Scientifique (1982). [Cited in Margolis' Annotated Bibliography.]
_________. "English Armies in the Fifteenth Century" in Armies and Fortifications in the Hundred Years War, ed A. Curry and M. Hughes, Woodbridge, 1994, pp.39-68.
_________. The Battle of Agincourt, Sources and Interpretations,, Woodbridge, 2000.
Author examines English and French chronicles, and explores various historical studies of the event. This is a most informative work for the average anglophone public. It addresses not only the battle, but the broader context of the war, and subsequent perceptions about it.
Curry, Anne and Michael Hughes, editors. Arms, Armies and Fortifications in the Hundred Years War, Boydell Press, Woodbridge, 1994, reprint 1999.
Daulon, Bernard-Jean. Jehan d'Aulon, écuyer de Jeanne d'Arc, Privat, Toulouse, 1958.
Debal, Jacques. "Les Fortifications et le pont d'Orléans au temp de Jeanne d'Arc," in Dossiers Archéologiques, 34 (1979), pp.77-92. [Cited in Margolis' Annotated Bibliography.]
Delachenal, R. Histoire de Charles V, 5 vols., Paris, 1909-31.
Denieul-Cormier, Anne. Wise and Foolish Kings; The First House of Valois 1328-1498, translated from Rois fous et sages de la premiére maison de Valois, Doubleday, Garden City, NY, 1980.
Déprez, Eugene. Les préliminaires de la guerre de cent ans, la papauté la France et l'Angleterre, Paris, 1902.
De Vries, Kelly Robert. Medieval Military Technology, Broadview Press, Peterborgough, Ontario, 1992.
_________. Joan of Arc; A Military Leader, Sutton Publishing, Bath [UK],1999.
Essentially presents military aspects perpetuated by traditional Johannic scholarship, exemplified most recently by the works of Régine Pernoud and Marie Véronique. The author introduces one new factor to suggest that the Patay battle area may have been larger than stated in most accounts. Work relies heavily upon the testimony of veterans in the 1429 campaigns, as given at the 1455-56 nullification trial. The depositions are accepted as accurate without an assessment of the political atmosphere in which they were given. Author asserts that Jeanne d'Arc's exhibited 1429-30 tactics set the example for the much later French military reconquest, without assessment of the later French military reforms and the emergence of distinctively more effective French gunpowder artillery train. Strangely, space is taken to overview the early (profusely reported) English victories in the HYW, but not the later (rarely described) French victories which would be germane to support the specific allegation that the 1429-30 tactics were followed in 1449-1453. The author assigns questionable attribution to Trémoïlle for the second Treaty of Arras (1435) that was concluded two years after that counselor had been removed from the French court. However, the author correctly identifies that the treaty was more directly responsible for changing the balance of power in the war than were the Maid's operations. The book contains many photos, mostly by the author, of existing structures and locations where the remarkable 1429-30 events took place in France.
_________. Guns and Men in Medieval Europe, 1200-1500, (Ashgate, Brookfield, Vt., 2002) ISBN 0-86078-886-5.
Reviewed by John France in The Journal of Military History (67:3 July 2003). A "collection of essays by a single author..." The reviewer notes that De Vries is a ‘prolific' author, especially on military technology in medieval Europe, but that the author does not submit to ‘technical determinism' so frequently asserted in popular military history. France [who has authored his own significant studies on medieval warfare] notes that: "De Vries, is not carried away by the lure of his own specialism and has a clear understanding of the complexity of historical causation."
De Wailly. Crécy: Anatomy of a Battle, Dorset, Blandford, 1987.
Dickinson, Joycelyne Gledhill. The Congress of Arras 1435, A Study in Medieval Diplomacy, New York, 1972.
This edition has a revised introduction from an earlier 1955 one. The study is an interesting examination of the technical procedures and arguments that surrounded this significant treaty, which effectively released (in the near-term) Charles VII from having to continue the civil war with his Valois cousin in Burgundy. The author's conclusion that the treaty 'humulated' France and 'betrayed' England is interesting for tone, if not for logic.
Díez de Games, Gutierre. Crónica de don Pero Niño, ed. Juan de Mata Carriazo, Conde de Buekna, Madrid, 1940.
English translation by Joan Evans of sections published as ‘The Unconquered Knight’, The Chronicle of Don Pero Niño, Count of Buelna, George Routledge, London, 1928. Describes a Spanish nobleman's adventures in French-Spanish naval operations against the English during the Hundred Years' War.
Doncoeur, Paul. La Chevauchée de Jeanne d'Arc, L'Art catholique, Paris, 1929.
Drouyn, Léon. Bataille de Castillon en Périgord le 17 juillet 1453, Bordeaux, 1863.
This same text is also in Drouyn's La Guienne Militaire, which probably is more available in the US.
_________. La Guienne Militaire, 3 vols., Bordeaux/Paris, 1865.
Vol. 2, part titled "Castillon-en-Périgord," provides narrative of the 1453 campaign on pp.92-101.
Drouyn references and draws upon a report drafted two days after the battle: "Lettre sur la bataille de Castillon en Périgord, 19 juillet 1453," published in Bibliothèque de l'École des Chartes, 2e série, vol. III, p.245.
Dubled, H. "L'artillerie royale française a l'épouque de Charles VII et au début du réigne de Louis IX (1437-69); les frères Bureau," Memorial de l'Artillerie française, 50, 1976.
Dupuy, Micheline. Bertrand du Guesclin, captaine d'aventure, connétable de France, Paris, 1977.
Erlanger, Philippe. Charles VII et son mystère, (Paris, Gallimard 1945, Perrin 1973, 1981).
One of the few works by a credited French historian that emphasizes Yolande d'Aragon's prominent role in sustaining Charles VII during the critical stages of his reign. While not as detailed as a work by Jenanne d'Orliac [cited later], this work is by an historian who has written mainly on individuals of later eras. He again espouses his thesis about Yolande in an article: "9 femmes qui ont fait la France," in Historia (Septembre 1971, pp.40-53).
Erlanger's recognition of the significance of Yolande's roll is perhaps due to his having examined other ears, and he is not being beholden to documents, studies, and scholars who have focused on 'the Maid'. Of course, such a perspective cannot help but draw some criticism from those infused with the singular attribution toward 'the Maid'. No doubt, there may be a perception by some that elevating the contribution of Yolande threatens the unique status of Jeanne d'Arc.
Etcheverry, Jean-Paul. Arthur de Richemont, le justicier, precurseur, compagnon et successeur de Jeanne d'Arc, ou, L'honneur d'êter français, Editions France-Empire, Paris, 1983.
Fabié y Escudero, Antonio María. Rodrigo de Villandrando, Conde de Ribadeo, Conde de Ribadeo, Real Academis de la Historia, M. Tello, Madrid, 1882.
This Spanish work supplements French work of Jules Quicherat's Rodrigue de Villandrando, l'un des combattants pour l'indépendance française au quizième siècle, Hachette, Paris, 1879. Both works cited in Margolis' Annotated Bibliography.
Favier, J. La Guerre de Cent Ans, Paris, 1980.
Finó, J.F. "Le Feu et ses Usages Militaires", Gladius, IX, 1970, pp.15-30.
_________. 'Machines de Jet Médiévales', Gladius, X, 1972, pp.25-43.
_________. "L'artillerie en France à la fin du moyen âge", Gladius, XII, 1974, pp.13-31.
_________. "Les armées françaises lors de la guerre de cent ans", Gladius, XIII, 1977, pp.5-23.
Fowler, K.A. The Age of Plantagenet and Valois, Elek Press, London, 1967.
A 'coffee-table book' with excellent text. Very readable book for those new to the subject.
_________. "Bertrand du Guesclin -- Careerist in Arms?" in History Today, (June 1989), pp.37-43.
Fowler, K.A. Medieval Mercenaries, Volume 1, 'The Great Companies',, Blackwell, Malden, Mass, 2001.
Covers the 'disbanded' mercenary troops following the Treaty of Brétigny (1360), during the HYW. These armed bands reformed into larger contingents, called 'great companies'. Led by their 'captains', but 'un employed' by either the English or French kings, these armed bands ravaged the lands in France until the resumption of open hostilities between France and England in 1369.
Fowler, K.A (ed.). The Hundred Years War, Macmillan, London, 1971.
A fine description of the war coverd by several experts. The editor's introduction ["War and Change in Late Medieval France and England"] addresses the sometimes confusing and debated labeling of the HYW, as well an an overview of basic political, economic, and social aspects that impacted the war. The contributing authors' equally provide substantial articles on the subject: "The Origins of the War" by John Le Patourel; "The War Aims of the Protagonists and the Negotations for Peace" by John Palmer; "The Organization of War" by H.J. Hewitt; "The War at Sea" by C.F. Richmond; "The English Aristoracy and the War" by Michael Powicke; "The French Nobility and the War" by Philippe Contamine; "The War and the Non-Combatant" by C.T. Allmand; and "Truces" by Kenneth Fowler.
Friel, Ian. "Winds of Change? Ships and the Hundred Years War," in Curry and Hughes (eds.) Arms, Armies and Fortification in the Hundred Years War, pp.183-193.
Fuller, J.F.C. The Decisive Battles of the Western World And Their Influence Upon History. 480bc-1757, Volume one of three. Eyre & Spottiswoode, London, 1954.
'Chroncile 7 ' "The disruption of the Western Empire and the rise of France and England; contains chapter 8 on battles of Sluys (1340) and Crécy (1346).
'Chronicle 8' "The dissolution of the Middle Ages; contains chapter 9 in "The raising of the siege of Orléans, 1429," addresses the event in a broader context of the HYW.
Funck-Brentano, Frantz. Jeanne d'Arc chef de guerre, Paris 1943.
Funcken, Liliane and Fred. Le costume, l'armure et les armes au temps de la chevalerie, Casterman, Belgium, 1977.
Volume 1 covers from the eighth through the fifteenth centuries; volume 2 covers the Renaissance. Clearly, well executed modern illustrations, with brief text, covering most all aspects of individual arms, artillery, body dress, and standards of the West European high and late medieval era.
Garnier, J. L'artillerie des Ducs de Bourgogne d'après les documents conservés aux archives de la Cote-d'Or, Paris, 1895.
Provides some specific information of artillery from late fourteenth century to late fifteenth century,
Gies, Frances. Joan of Arc, The Legend and the Rality, Harper & Row, New York, 1981.
One of the best modern historical studies on Jeanne d'Arc, by an well grounded medieval historian. It is very readable, and sources are clearly referenced and explained. Nothing in fiction can surpass it. Recommended for anyone who is new to the subject.
Gies, Frances and Joseph. Cathedral, Forge, and Waterwheel; Technology and Invention in the Middle Ages, Harper & Row, New York, 1994.
A readable tour de horizon of the dynamic aspects of medieval technology. It references mostly secondary works, and is a little broader in scope than Gimpel's earlier work on medieval machines (listed later).
Gille, Bertrand. Les ingénieurs de la Renaissance, Hermann, Paris, 1964.
English translation: Engineers of the Renaissance, M.I.T. Press, Cambridge, Mass, 1966. First several chapters address medieval era. Good overview of late medieval writers/documents on technology. Valuable review of "The Manuscript of the Hussite War" (c.1420-1430), with its coverage of the first really meaningful illustrations of true cannons.
Gimpel, Jean. The Medieval Machine: The Industrial Revolution of the Middle Ages, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, London, 1976 / Penguin Books, NY, 1977.
Translation of La révolution industrielle du Moyen Age Paris, Seuil, 1975. Fine overview of many technological developments and their context within medieval society. Poorly conceived Epilogue, speculating on modern developments, can be ignored.
Gravett, Christopher. Medieval Siege Warfare, Osprey, London, 1990.
Very clear modern illustrations and some late medieval and Renaissance images of weapons and devices used in medieval sieges. Fine color illustrations by Richard and Christa Hook portray clothing and body armor worn by the soldiers of the time.
Guenée, Bernard. Between Church and State; The Lives of Four French Prelates in the Late Middle Ages, translated into English by Arthur Goldhammer, University of Chicago, Chicago/London, 1991.
Originally published as Entre l’Église et l’État (Éditions Gallimard, Paris, 1987). A collection of biographies by a noted French historian on Bernard Gui (1262-1331), Gilles Le Muisit (1272-1353), Pierre d’Ailly (1351-1420), and Thomas Basin (1412-1490). The one on Basin is particularly informative on developments in Normandy at the end of the Hundred Years' War.
Hall, Bert S. Weapons and Warfare in Renaissance Europe, Gunpowder, Technology, and Tactics, The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London, 1997.
This is one of the finest examinations of the military impact of the introduction of gunpowder weapons in the late fifteenth century in Western Europe. The author wants to call 1300-1600 era the 'Renaissance'. While some may find this difficult to accept, and see a distinct late medieval era during the 1300s and 1400s in most of Western Europe except for Italy -- which did have a headstart into the Renaissance. For those who see this era as still legitimately medieval -- albeit 'late medieval' -- they will be pleasantly rewarded with the extensive attention to detail of military events from 1300 until 1500. About half the work justifiably is devoted to that time frame. The author offers a fresh examination and careful review of the ongoing changes in medieval warfare before the gunpowder weapons made significant and then very crucial impact upon battles and sieges. In keeping with modern trends he does identify the concurrent social factors that influenced the technological and military tactics of the era. Some articles by professor Hall related to this topic are:
"The Changing Face of Siege Warfare: Technology and Tactics in In Transition," in I. Corfis and M. Wolfe (eds.) The Medieval City Under Siege (London: Boydell and Brewer, 1995), pp. 257-275.
"'So Notable Ordynaunce': Christine de Pizan, Firearms and Siegecraft in a Time of Transition," in C. De Backer (ed.), Culturhistorisch Kaleidoskoop: Een Huldealbum aangeboden aan Prof. Dr. Willy L. Braekman. (Brussels: Stichting Mens en Kultuur, 1992), pp. 219-240.
More of his many articles and books listed at his webpage. See Dr. Bert S. Hall's webpage.
Hallam, Elizabeth, editor. Four Gothic Kings, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, NY, 1987.
This is a history of the Plantagenet kings during a turbulent period in medieval England (1216-1377). The highly illustrated work contains selective and intermingled, very free English translations of various contemporary chronicles pertaining to the English monarchs from Henry III through Edward III. Contributing modern scholars provide summary notations that go with many of the illustrations. The last direct Plantagenet, Richard II, receives only brief mention in the book's Epologue.
Harris, Robin. Valois Guyenne, The Royal Historical Society, 1994.
Hattendorf, John B, and Richard W. Unger (eds.). War at Sea in the Middle Ages and Renaissance, (Boydell Press, Rochester, NY, 2002) ISBN 0-85115-903-6.
Reviewed by Susan Rose in The Journal of Military History (67:3 July 2003). "This is a book of essays [from] ... a specially convened symposium held at Arrabida, Portugal, under the auspices of the Fundação Oriente."
Heath, Ian. Armies of the Middle Ages, volume 1; The Hundred Years War, the Wars of the Roses and the Burgundian Wars, 1300-1487, Wargamers Research Group, UK, 1982.
A very comprehensive and clear coverage of organization, tactics, dress and equipment of the armies involved in European wars for the period. Effective line art illustrations. Even though the observations are not referenced, much of the material in the book holds up well when compared to more primary research documents.
Held, Robert. The Age of Firearms, NY, 1967.
First three chapters (pp.11-44) provide one of the clearest reviews of what is known about the emergence of gunpowder weapons in the late medieval era. The work explains the role of very early sources such as: Liber ignium ad comburendos hostes (c.1180-1225), allegedly by 'Marcus Graecus'; Roger Bacon's Epistola de secretis operibus artis et naturae (c. before 1249); John Barbour's The Bruce (1375); Konrad Keyser's Bellifortis (1405); and woodcut illustrations by Valturis [Valturius] (c. 1458-70).
Henneman, John Bell. Oliver de Clisson and Political Society in France Under Charles V and Charles VI, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 1969.
Heyman, F.G. John Zizka and the Hussite Revolution, Princeton University Press, Princton, New Jersey, 1955.
Hewitt, H.J. The Organization of War under Edward III, 1338-1362, Manchester U.P., Manchester, 1966.
Howard, Frank Sailing Ships of War 1400-1860, Mayflower Books, New York, 1979.
Chapter I, "The Fifteenth Century, The Full Rigged Ship". One of the few books that provides detailed review of the 'northern' warship configurations dominantly used in the Hundred Years' War, though emphasis is on the English. Work benefits from drawings found in the "Warwick Roll" ca. 1483 to 1493+, and Henry V's Grace Dieu.
Jones, Michael. "War and Fourteenth-Century France," in Curry and Hughes (eds.) Arms, Armies and Fortification in the Hundred Years War, pp.103-119.
Jouet, R. La réistance à l'occupation anglaise en Basse-Normandie (1418-50), Caen, 1969.
Kagay, Donald J. and L.J. Andrew, editors. The Circle of War in the Middle Ages: Essays on Medieval Military and Naval History, Boydell Press, 1999.
The work is a collection of papers given by different scholars at various conferences. Among the authors are Bernard Barhrach, Paul E. Chevedden, Douglas Haldane, Stephen Morillo, and Stephen Lane.
Keen, Maurice, editor. Medieval Warfare, A History, Oxford University Press, 1999.
The editor is among the twelve authors, each of whom provides a chapter on various topics. Its perceived chronological scope, in Part I, begins with the Carolingian period and ends with the end of the Hundred Years' War. Part II, contains thematic discussions of various aspects of warfare. One of the most significant aspects, the development of gunpowder weapons at the end of the medieval era, is carried over into the early modern era in Keen's article on the subject.
Kendall, Paul Murray. Louis XI, The Universal Spide,W.W. Norton, NY, 1971.
Kerr, Albert B. Jacques Coeur, Merchant Prince of the Middle Ages, Books for Libraries, NY, 1927 [1971].
La Bernardie, Charles-B. de. "La Hire et Xaintrailles compagnons de Jeanne d'Arc." in Bulletin de l'Académie du Var, 140 (1973), pp.167-77.
La Marche, A. Leçoy de. Le Roi René, 2 vols., Paris, 1875.
Lancesseur, [Lt. Col.] de. Jeanne d'Arc chef d guerre. Le Génie militaire et politique de Jeanne d'Arc. Campagne en France, 1429-1430, Debresse, Paris, 1961.
Liocourt, Ferdinand de. La mission de Jeanne d'Arc, 2 vols Paris, 1974-6.
Listed and referenced by De Vries [Joan of Arc; A Military Leader (1999)] as uncovering that the the Battle of Patay covered a larger area than is generally described in accounts by Burne and de Lombarès. Licourt's views are based upon discovery of medieval horshoes.
Lombarès, Michel de. "Castillon (17 juillet 1453): dernière victoire de l'artillerie," Revue historique de l'Armée, No. 3, 1976.
_________. "Patay, 18 juin 1429," in Revue Historique des Armées, Ministère de la Defense, Paris, numéro 4, 22, 1966, pp.5-16.
Lot, Ferdinad. L'Art Militaire et les Armées au Moyen Age en Europe et dans le Proche Orient, 2 vols., Payot, Paris, 1946.
Lucas, H.S. The Low Countries and the Hundred Years War, 1326-1347, Ann Arbor, 1929.
Luce, Simeon. Histoire de Bertrand du Guesclin et son époque, Paris, 1876.
Margolis, Nadia. Joan of Arc in History, Literature, and Film; A Select, Annotated Bibliography, Garland, NY/London, 1990.
Though focused on the study of Jeanne d'Arc, Ms Margolis furnishes assessments of the contemporary chroniclers and writers that is very valuable to the broader study of the Hundred Years' War. Such searching examination of the biases and context of these early sources is seldom provided by later historians, and are obviously unknown by many writers.
Marin, [Capt.] Paul. Jean Darc tactician et stratégiste. L'Art militaire dans la première moitié du XVe siècle, 4 vols, Boudouin, Paris, 1889-90.
Views emphasize the mystic visions and role of Jeanne d'Arc typical of the 19th and early 20th century Johannic scholars, as well as some other French military authors of the time. His thesis, and most of his rationale, are incompatable with modern military analyses, nor fully in accord with prominent, modern HYW scholars' observations.
McGill, Patrick and Armand Pacou. Jeanne La Pucelle and the Siege of Orleans, Parts 1 and 2, Freezywater, UK, 1993.
The work provides illustrations of many of the blasons of, and brief biographical sketches on, the French participants in the Hundred Years' War who served at the time of Jeanne d'Arc. [However, French blasons and bios of Jeanne d'Arc's companions are far better covered in the French publications by Jean-Claude Colrat, cited elsewhere in this bibliography.] The English participants are also included, as they are in most works on the war. The text of this small work describes the operations of the siege, attempting to account for the individual actions of the many named warriors. Unfortunately the work does not cite references, and it makes some carless statements about Jeanne's captivity and Charles VII that are at odds with recognized scholarship on the subject found in its own bibliography.
McLeod, Enid. Charles of Orleans, Prince and Poet, Viking, London, 1969 [NY, 1970].
Mechineau, Pierre. Les chevaliers de la victoire, Pierre de Brézé, ministre de Charles VII, 1408-1465, Cholet, 1986.
Very smooth narrative of the colorful life of this French soldier and diplomat, who was an example of one of several military leaders that contributed to the French victory in the Hundred Years' War and after. Unfortunately this work lacks notations to support specific events, and one has to have examined several scholarly works to trust (which is deserved) the narrative.
Nicolas, Harris K.H. History of the Battle of Agincourt and of the Expedition of Henry the Fifth into France in 1415, Johnson, London, and Barns and Noble, NY, 1970.
The work was originally published in 1827. A 1832 facsmile edition, with added material, was reprinted in 1832. Nicolas compiled all known correspondence, contracts, petitions, statuted and ordinances which pertained to the 1415 campaign. He included the roll of peers, knights and men-at-arms in the English army. The basic description is a translation of the Latin narrative [located in the British Museum] of a priest who accompanied the English 1415 expedition. The priest is anonymous and is referenced as 'Chronicler A'. The author provides extensive notations from works of contemporary chroniclers such as Jean le Fevre (Seigneur de St-Remy), Monstrelet, Des Ursins, among others.
Nicolle, David. Medieval Warfare Source Book, Volume I: Warfare in Wetern Christendom, Arms and Armour, London, 1995.
While the scope of this work ends with what the author describes as "late medieval Europe (1275-1400)" it is a valuable reference to many of the military weapons and armor, tactics, fortifications and organizations evidenced during the early part of the Hundred Years' War. This work conforms to Nicolle's many other works that reflect the examination of archeological 'evidence' found in museums and at historic sites. Nicolle takes particular care to address the military contributions to Western Europe derived from Eastern Europe and the Mediterranean Muslim civilizations.
_________. Arms and Armour in the Crusading Era, 1050-1350, 2 volumes, Greenhill Books, London, 1999.
Volume I: Western Europe and the Crusader States; Volume II: Islam, Eastern Europe and Asia. Both volumes have extensive bibliographies, detailed indices, large glossaries, reference maps, and over a thousand illustrations (each volume) of line-art sketches by the author. The sketches support text found in the various chapters. The work reflects the author's well established reputation in the use of archeological and pictorial sources.
_________. Orléans 1429, France Turns the Tide, Osprey, Oxford, 2001.
An Osprey ‘Campaign Series volume', well ilustrated with photographs from museums and modern views of the battle sites, and with medieval era images. In addition, there are some interesting modern visualizations by Graham Turner. A serious, no nonsense narrative of the campaign by a scholar on medieval military warfare. Scope of coverage includes the battles of the 'Herrings' and of 'Patay', that bracketed the major events surrounding Jeanne d'Arc's participation in the relief of the city.
O'Callaghan, Joseph. Reconquest and Crudase in Medieval Spain, (University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 2002) ISBN 0-8122-3696-3.
Reviewed by James F. Powers in The Journal of Military History (67:3, July 2003). A "survey of military activity in Spain from the later eleventh century through the mid-thirteenth century."
Oman, Charles. A History of the Art of War in the Middle Ages, 2 vols., 1924.
Many, latest by GreenHill, London, 1991. Volume Two covers 1278-1485).
Orliac, Jehanne d'. Yolanda d'Anjou, la reine des quatre royaumes, Plon, Paris, 1933.
A rare work specifically covering Yolande[a] (1379-1442), duchesse d'Anjou, consort of Louis II d'Anjou, 'king of Naples'. Unfortunately this work lacks references to sources, and reflects questionable scholarship. For this important topic, see earlier entry for Erlanger, Philippe.
Packe, Michael. King Edward III, edited by L.C.B. Seaman, Routledge & Kegan Paul, London, 1983.
Editor had to complete last part of book after author's death. The author provides a valuable and detailed review of the early influences on Edward III's life, especially a clear review or the reign of Edward II and his queen, Isabella de France. Also of unique value is the author's thorough coverage and plausible assessment of the seldom addressed allegation of Edward III's episode with 'the duchess of Salisbury'.
Paine, Albert Bigelow. Joan of Arc,2 vols., Macmillan, NY, 1925.
One of the better referenced works in English. The central source on the subject is: Procès de condamnation et de réhabilitation de Jeanne d'Arc [5 vols, Société de l'Histoire de France,, Paris, 1841-49], edited collection of all availalbe documents on the Maid by Jules Quicherat.
Partington, J.R. A History of Greek Fire and Gunpowder, Cambridge, 1960.
A valuable work that corrects many errors of several, highly referenced English works on early gunpowder weapons. This work is complemented by Clifford Rogers' 1993 JMH article.
Pastoureau, Michel. La guerre de Cent Ans et le redressement de la France, 1328-1492, Larousse, Paris, 1968.
Payne-Gallwey, Ralph. The Crossbow, NY & London, 1958.
Quite authoritative and thorough (but dated) on the crossbow and other archery weapons. In addition the work contains a thesis on ancient war machines related to the concept of the bow, and is the source of much out-dated observations on these weapons reported in recent articles. The work goes seriously astray when attempting to address non gunpowder artillery and gunpowder weapons of the medieval era.
Pernoud, Régine. Jeanne d'Arc par elle-même et par ses témoins, Editions du Seuil, Paris, 1962.
English translation: Joan of Arc, By Herself and Her Witnesses, by Edward Hyams (Macdonald, 1964 London/Stein and Day, NY, 1966).
Régine Pernoud (d.1998) was's one of the foremost scholars on Jeanne d'Arc. A fine commemorative publication includes a valuable 'Part II: the Cast of Principal Characters'. It is Joan of Arc, Her Story, translated and revised by Jeremy du Quesnay Adams, edited by Bonnie Wheeler (St. Martins Press, NY, 1998).
Perroy, Edouard. The Hundred Years War, Eyre & Spotiswoode, 1951.
English Translation by W.B. Wells of La Guerre de Cent Ans, Paris, 1945
Peterson, Harold L. Encyclopedia of Firearms, NY, 1967.
Petrovic, Djurdijica. "Fire-arms in the Balkans on the Eve of and After the Ottoman Conquests of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries" in War, Technology and Society in the Middle East, V.J. Parry and M.E. Yapp, editors; Oxford University Press, London, 1975, pp.164-194.
Philippe, Robert. Agnès Sorel, Saint-Amand, 1983.
Pollard, A.J. The English Achilles: John Talbot and the War in France 1427-1453, Royal Historical Society, London, 1983.
Poulain, Claude. Jacques Coeur, Poitiers, 1982.
Porter, Pamela. Medieval Warfare in Manuscripts, University of Toronto Press, Toronto, 2000.
This work addresses an important topic that needs careful attention in the study of contemporary medieval manuscript illustrations. The author identifies necessary precautions in accepting the manuscript images as representative of the era. Unfortunately, the work is limited to collections in British institutions and does not cover a broader inventory of medieval material in the archives and museums of continental Europe and the Middle East.
Prescott, William H. The Art of War in Spain: The Conquest of Granada 1481-1492, edited by Albert D. McJoynt, Greenhill, London, 1995.
Editor's Introduction explains the epic Granadan War's important links to the latter phase of the Hundred Years' War.
Riley-Smith, Jonathan, editor. The Atlas of the CRUSADES, Facts On File, New York / Oxford, 1991.
This well illustrated atlas, with its brief text summaries, helps put in perspective an array of medieval military wars and campaigns that were called 'crusades'. It is a valuable reference work for the study of any aspect of medieval warfare.
Rogers, Clifford J. "The Military Revolutions of the Hundred Years' War," The Journal of Military History, 57 (April 1993), pp.241-78.
_________. War Cruel and Sharp: English Strategy under Edward III, 1327-1360., Boydell and Brewer, Woodbridge, 2000.
Contrary to many assessments of Edward III's military campaigns in France, the author argues, quite convincingly, that the English king sought, rather than avoid, to engage the French in open battles. However, this author's perceptions of the 'decisiveness' of the Edward III's campaigns, in terms of the political objectives, might be compared with observations made in Jonathan Sumption's recently published Trial by Fire.
_________. "The Offensive/Defensive in Medieval Strategy, From Crecy to Mohacs: Warfare in the Late Middle Ages (1346-1526)," Acta of the XXIInd Colloquium of the International Commission of Military History (Vienna, 1996), Vienna: Heeresgeschichtliches Museum/Militärhistorisches Institut (1997), pp.158-171.
_________. "The Efficacy of the Medieval Longbow: A Reply to Kelly DeVries," War in History, 5, no.2 (1998), pp.233-42.
_________. "An Unknown News Bulletin from the Siege of Tournai in 1340,"War in History 5, no. 3 (1998), pp.358-366.
_________. "The Age of the Hundred Years War," in Medieval Warfare: A History. See Keen, Maurice.
_________. "A Continuation of the Manuel d'histoire de Philippe VI for the Years 1328-1339,"English Historical Review,, CXIV (1999), pp.1256-1266.
Rogers, Clifford J., ed. The Wars of Edward III: Sources and Interpretations, Boydell and Brewer, Woodbridge; Warfare in History series (1999).
The first part of the work ('Sources') takes up more than half the text (pp.3-202), and is the editor's free translation of contemporary chroniclers and observers of events, including some of Edwards III's dispatches. The second part of the book (Interpretations) contains eight previously published articles by various modern authors.
Roncière, Charles de la. Histoire de la marine française: la guerre de cent ans, vol. 2 [of 6], 3rd edition, Paris, 1914.
Saint-Rémy, H. de Surirey de. Jean II de Bourbon, Paris, 1944.
Salch, Charles-Laurent. Dictionnaire des châteaux et des fortifications du moyen âge en France, Editions Publicatotal, Strasbourg, 1987.
A 6cm thick book that has 30,000 entires as well as 1500 illustrations of photo and some design traces of the fortress-chateaux. Text is in French.
Saurel [Capitaine]. "Regards sur l'histoire de la Gendarmerie," Revue Historique des Armées, No. 3, vol. 17, 1961, pp.9-52.
Reviews the historic origins, and transformations in the medieval French military organization. Addresses the changing roles of senior war-leader positions such as: La Sénéchaussé, La Connétablie, and La Maréchaussé. Also describes the evolution of the role of Sergents d'Armes and La Prévôté [Provost Marshal] from being merely a bodyguard to the king to becoming the basis for dispensing 'royal justice' throughout the realm -- a transformation that took place long after the HYW.
Seward, Desmond. The Hundred Years, the English in France 1337-1453, Macmillan, NY, 1978.
_________. Henry V, The scourge of God, Penguin, London, 1987.
Sackville-West, Victoria. Saint Joan of Arc, Doubleday, London, 1936 [latest reprint, 1991].
Sherborne, J.W. "The Battle of La Rochelle and the War at Sea, 1372-75", Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research, 42, 1969.
Smith, Robert D. and Ruth Rhynas Brown. Mons Meg and her sisters, Royal Armouries Monograph 1, Royal Armouries Monograph 1, Dorset, UK, 1989.
This exceptional examination of a few, select, wrought-iron, late medieval gunpowder artillery pieces sets high standards of scholarly, scientific study of weaponary of the era. It is sponsored by the Trustees of the Royal Armouries, HM Tower of London, London EC3N 4AB, England.
Smith, Robert D. "Artillery and the Hundred Years War: Myth and Interpretation," in Curry and Hughes (eds.) Arms, Armies and Fortification in the Hundred Years War, pp.151-9.
Stevenson, Joseph. edited medieval documents in Rerum Britannicarum Medii Aevi Scriptores, or Chronicles and Memorials of Great Britain and Ireland During the Middle Ages Rolls Series 22 (2 vols) and Roll Series 32, London, 1863 [reprint Wiesbaden, Germany, 1965].
Editor provides some English translations, annotations and comments pertaining to French and English documents contemporary with the reign of Henry VI of England. See Bouvier and Blondel in Chronicles and Contemporary Sources. Stevenson's Preface to Rolls 22, is a clear summary of the historical circumstances under which the documents were written. Rolls 22 contains many lists of towns and surrender terms of English posts in France taken by Charles VII's army.
Stroud, David Green. The Battle of Poitiers, 1356, (Tempus Publishing, Stroud, UK, 2002) ISBN 0-7524-1989-7.
Reviewed by Clifford J. Rogers in The Journal of Military History (67:3 July 2003). The work "is not a focused examination of the battle itself, or an attempt to consider and resolve ..." several controversial aspects of the battle as related in many earlier works on the topic.
Spiegel, Gabrielle M. The Chronicle Tradition of Saint-Denis, Classical Folia Editions, Brookline, Mass. and Leyden, 1978.
A valuable description of the the often referenced Grandes Chroniques de France. The work is the product of a chronicle tradition begun by the monks of the Abbey of Saint-Denis. It began with the abbacy of Suger (1122-1151) and continued to provide a record of the French kings for four centuries. While the earliest accounts deal with mythical origins of the French, the latter 'continuations' represent the 'official' royal positions of events. Originally written in Latin, the works were later also presented in French. A modern French version exists as: Les Grandes Chroniques de France, ed., Jules Viard (Société de l'Histoire de France), 10 vols. (Paris, 1920-53).
Sumption, Jonathan. The Hundred Years War, Trial by Battle, Faber and Faber, London, 1990 [University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 1991].
This is the first volume of a highly promoted, multi-volume, and ambitious task to relate the HYW in exhaustive detail. Some claims go so far as to suggest there will not be any further need to tell the story again. The gracefully flowing narrative provides extensive detail and more expansive description of French aspects than found in the average English publication on the war. However, some caution may be advised for readers not familiar with the subject, as the elegant prose can obscure many uncertainties and gaps in our knowledge of the events.
       In this particular volume, the author asserts the presence of guns on the battlefield of Crécy. The assertion is embellished with an imaginative description of the guns, and a questionable suggestion that such primitive guns were ideal weapons for the conditions. No reference is made to the scholarly studies that dispute such claims, and the author's support is surprisingly weak given the available published examinations of both sides of the issue.
       With his stated intentions to avoid discussing the divergent views of other scholars or sources, but simply to state his own view, the author removes himself from a responsibility to justify where there is controversy. In spite of the immense detail, graceful wording, and refreshing perspective, much is being left for future examination of the HYW. On balance, the benefit of the provided detail takes precedence over the author's declared prerogative.
_________. The Hundred Years War, Trial by Fire, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 1999.
Sumption's second volume continues to furnish replete descriptions of many characters and numerous separate, but interrelated, confrontations -- little wars within a greater 'war'. More uniquely, the work identifies the limits of the English military conquests [during the first main part of the HYW] to secure the goals of either the French crown or undisputed rule of Aquitaine. The work provides considerable understanding of the French perspective. The author's narrative casts dampening tones upon the usual glow associated with most writers' accounts of the impressive English victories.
       Of particular value is the author's comparison of the military forces prior to the battle of Poitiers, and a credible (but largely speculative) explanation of why the French lacked as cohesive military forces as did their English opponents during the time frame being addressed. Another fine observation is the author's noting the enormous costs related to holding and defending occupied territory -- even when no significant battles were occurring. The volume describes the resilience of French communities which endured the catastrophic consequences of many royal army defeats. The author often alludes to the elusiveness of the agreements expressed in the truces and treaties that follow the famous English military achievements; and makes several allusions to the eventual disassembly of Edward III's perceived gains. These, of course, will not be realized until the time frame of the third, forthcoming volume.
Thompson, Peter Edmund, ed. The Hundred Years' War, Folio Society, London, 1966.
Translation and edited contemporary chronicles of the Hundred Years' War: from the works of Jean le Bel, Jean Froissart & Enguerrand de Monstrelet; translated from the French and edited. Contains some assessment of the chroniclers.
Tuchman, Barbara W. A Distant Mirror, The Calamitous 14th Century, Alfred A. Knopf, NY, 1978.
Vale, Malcolm G.A. Charles VII, University of California, Berkeley, 1974.
Arguably the best work in English on the life of Charles VII.
_________. War and Chivalry, Duckworth, London, 1981.
Chapter Four, "The Techniques of War" is very good on several medieval warfare aspects not usually covered.
_________. English Gascony, 1399-1453, Oxford, 1970.
_________. "New Techniques and Old Ideals: The Impact of Artillery on War and Chivalry at the end of the Hundred Years War," War, Literature and Politics in the Late Middle Ages (ed. by C.T. Allmand), Liverpool, 1976.
_________. "The War in Aquitaine," in Curry and Hughes (eds.) Arms, Armies and Fortification in the Hundred Years War, pp.69-82.
Vallet de Viriville, A. Histoire de Charles VII et son époque, 3 vols., Paris, 1862-5.
Vaughan, R. The Valois Dukes of Burgundy: Philip the Bold (1962), John the Fearless (1966), Philip the Good (1970), Charles the Bold, (1973), all from Longmans, London.
Vercel, Roger. Bertrand of Brittany, A Biography of Messire Du Guesclin, trans. by Marion Saunders, Yale University Press, New Haven, 1934.
Warren, W.L. Henry II, University of California Press, Berkely, 1973.
Henry II [Henri II d'Anjou] led a colorful, turbulent life and ruled a remarkable 'Angevin empire'. He was the second French duke [after William of Normandy] to become king of England, and was England's first 'Plantagenet' king,
Wescher, Paul. Jean Fouquet and His Time, Reynal & Hitchcock, NY, 1947.
Wolfe, Michael. "Siege Warfare and the Bonnes Villes of France during the Hundred Years' War," The Medieval City under Siege, editors: Ivy A. Corfis and Michael Wolfe, Boydell, Woodbridge, 1995.

Return to Directory.


Return to Hundred Years' War Web Page.
Return to Oriflamme Web Page.
This page was last updated 12 July 2003.
Comments can be sent to the Société de l'Oriflamme.