Société de l'Oriflamme
The Oriflamme (meaning 'gold flame') was the sacred banner of the Abbey of St. Denis. It reportedly accompanied the French kings in their major battles, beginning with Louis VI's 1121 campaign against the emperor Henry V. It is believed that the banner's last appearance was at the disastrous battle of Maupertuis [near Poitiers] (1356), where the bearer was killed and the flag disappeared. However, some reports suggest a few later appearances. It is sometimes confused with the French king's royal standard (gold fleur-de-lis on blue), which the Oriflamme often accompanied in major campaigns.
One of many accounts, described the Oriflamme as a crimson silk vexillum with three tails, green fringe, and tassels.
More information is at In Search of the Oriflamme.
The Société de l'Oriflamme sponsors the
development of web pages and publications that examine European
medieval warfare with a broader perspective than that generally found in English language sources. This page is a gateway to specific topics, and all pages are continuously updated as research progresses. Only underlined links are active.
- The Hundred Years' War
(1328-1453) Focus on the final phase of the great struggle
between England and Valois France; most appropriately designated The War of Charles VII (1422-1453).
- Weapons, Armor, and Forces of Medieval Europe
- Crusades influncing French medieval military history.
- Adventurous ducs and comtes of Normandy and Anjou:
- 'War', Campaign, and Battle of Bouvines (1202-1214).
- The Saintonge War (July 1242), covering the battles of Taillebourg and of Saintes.
- French Medieval Armies and Navies: an overview of military structures and developments in medieval France. This webpage is an edited version of chapters III and IV from Arthur Tilley's Medieval France: A Companion to French Studies (London, 1922).
Special project on medieval artillery demonstrations in France.
- Recommended for research is a site on the genealogy of the French royal families, with associated titles and coats of arms. The author has other sites that explain French blasonary.
- Recommended for information on medieval armorial flags. The site is a 'gateway' to many quality websites on the subject.
- Recommended for research is The Middle Ages Trust Medieval Web Site Locator provides one of the most comprehensive 'gateways' to a rich array of web sites relating to the Medieval era.
- Recommended for the study of French military history, and especially for travel in France with the intent to visit battlefields and fortresses, are INSTITUT GÉOGRAPHIQUE NATIONAL maps.
- Recommended for the study of French medieval history, and especially for visiting castles and ancient structures in France, are the guides produced by Les Éditions FRAGILE.
- The Society for Military History, De Re Militari website contains many links to websites covering medieval warfare.
Comments and questions are welcomed and can be sent to:
PO Box 137, Mount Vernon, VA 22121.
Page create in 1996, last updated 31 December 2012.
Hundred Years War, la guerre de cent ans